For men, an Enlarging Prostate (EP) is difficult to talk about. Although changes in prostate health are indefinitely part of every man's life, the signs and symptoms that are associated with this condition often prove too embarrassing for most men to even mention.
Prostate enlargement is also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH. It remains one of the most prevalent problems for men over the age of 60. Moreover, 90% of all men will experience at least some signs and symptoms by age 80.
Conventional treatments aim to reduce symptoms via drug treatments and invasive surgery.
However, like many other conditions, the best treatment for the prostate begins far before an enlargement occurs. This is accomplished by manipulating numerous lifestyle factors, including exercise and nutrition. In addition, the use of botanicals and alternative supplements has proven advantageous for supporting the current health of the prostate, and improving urological symptoms when BPH has already been diagnosed.
Because BPH is rarely serious, many doctors recommend men to implement a "watchful wait."This involves the modification of lifestyle and annual physical examinations.
Avistate is a supplement for prostate health that decreases symptoms of frequent & painful urination and increases the overall health of your prostate.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Defined:
The prostate is an organ that surrounds the urinary urethra and is located between the bladder and rectum.
Its primary function is to secrete the fluid (via glandular cells) used to make semen from sperm obtained from the testes. The prostate can impact the urethra's mode of function, by inhibiting the transport of both sperm and urine to the penis; thereby hampering specific excretory processes. Other functions of the prostate include the secretion of potential antibacterial substances, and caregiver to alpha-5-reductase; an enzyme that converts testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (male hormone which also impacts prostate health).
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is the medical term used to denote a noncancerous growth of the prostate gland.
The condition may also be referred to as Enlarged Prostate, or EP. It is the most common form of cell growth in men, and occurs in the outer area of the prostate (peripheral zone).
The Cause of BPH:
Theories regarding EP's origin abound, but no one/single cause has yet been determined. However, scientists believe the key factor determining condition onset is the hormonal variation in males, most notably, specific androgenic compounds.
Androgens are male hormones, including the principle hormonal compound in men, testosterone.
As previously mentioned, the prostate converts testosterone into dihydrotestosterone, or DHT. This androgen is an important component in prostate cell growth in the tissues that line the prostate gland (glandular epithelium). Additionally, dihydrotestosterone is a key contributor to rapid enlargement of the prostate; a process which occurs between puberty and adulthood (years 11-14), as well as in later adulthood (around 25 years of age). And although the prostate will continue to grow throughout the majority of a man's life, enlargements to this gland rarely cause symptoms before the age of 40.
The female hormone estrogen may also play a particular role in prostate gland enlargement, as the testosterone to estrogen level is dramatically decreased with age.
Other plausible causes of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia include:
- Blood vessel injury
- Defective cell death (cell proliferation)
- Late Activation of prostate cell growth
Signs and Symptoms of BPH:
There is a large discrepancy regarding the enlargement of the prostate and how severe the symptoms will present. These symptoms are collectively called LUTS, or lower urinary tract symptoms.
Some men with very enlarged prostates will be relatively asymptomatic, while others whose glands are less enlarged may have more urethral blockage and present greater complications. However, the primary symptoms of BPH often arise as abnormalities in urination. These can include;
- a hesitant, interrupted, or weak stream of urine
- leaking or dribbling
- frequent urination, especially during periods of rest
- impacting your quality, or way of life
Many men find that detecting a blockage or obstruction within the urethra is difficult.
For some, inconsistencies in urination may fall into their personal perspective of the aging process. However, it remains important to speak with your physician if you are currently suffering from any of the symptoms listed above. Some 80% of men who present such symptoms are diagnosed with BPH. Although this is beneficial, there is cause for greater concern. Urinary complications may be a sign of a more complex and serious disorder that requires immediate medical attention.
The most severe of all EP's symptoms is not a symptom at all, rather an acute condition.
Acute urinary retention results from both the squeezing of the urethra from the enlarged prostate and chronic urine retention (often caused by ignoring the initial signs and symptoms of BPH). This condition occurs when a man suddenly finds himself unable to urinate.
It can be triggered by fluctuations in temperature, adverse reaction to prescription medications, alcohol consumption, etc. Urine retention (acute and chronic) and strain on the bladder may result in urinary tract infections, kidney or liver damage, bladder or urinary stones, and incontinence.
Early diagnosis remains key in lowering the complications of BPH and potential for acute urinary retention.
The procedures needed for an accurate diagnosis of benign prostatic hyperplasia are usually left to a urologist, a doctor who specializes in problems of the urinary tract and male reproductive system.
There are a number of tests that can be conducted to determine the severity and extent of your condition. The most common tests are listed below. However, it is important to note that there are more specific tests that can be done to check for prostate enlargement.
As well, testing procedures are determined by the urologist and will vary from individual to individual.
- Urine Flow Study: Patients will be asked to urinate into a special device. This will provide data that is used to evaluate the rate at which urine flows.
- Rectal Ultrasound: This type of ultrasound is conducted when prostate cancer is suspected. The echo patterns emitted from the probe returns patterns of sound waves which form an image of the prostate gland on a display monitor.
- Cytoscopy: A cytoscope, or tube that contains a lens and light system (inserted into the opening of the urethra), shows the health of urethra and bladder by displaying a real-time picture. The doctor is able to determine the size of the prostate gland and locate the area of obstruction.
- Digital Rectal Exam: This test is considered standard when assessing prostate enlargement. It is commonly the first test that is performed. During this procedure your physician will insert a gloved finger into the rectal cavity and will feel the part of the prostate closest to the rectum. This provides the doctor with the approximate size of the gland, and will give him an idea of the prostate's current condition.
- Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) Test: PSA tests are used to rule out infection (prostatitis) and cancer as a possible cause for urinary symptoms. PSA is the protein produced by the prostate's cells, as elevated levels of this protein are witnessed in both BPH and prostate cancer patients. In fact, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration recommends both the digital rectal exam and PSA testing for detection of cancer in men over the age of 50.However, because it is difficult to discriminate cancer from benign prostate conditions, specialists will usually only implement PSA tests to find elevations that are abnormal, rather than differentiate between the two conditions.
- International Prostate Symptoms Score: The International Prostate Symptoms Score, or IPSS, this test, unlike laboratory or other objective tests, is based on the patients personal experience. Prostate conditions are rated on the basis of severity. The higher the score, the more severe the condition. Other indexing systems, including the Symptom Problem Index (SPI) and the BPH Impact Index (BII), are often used in conjunction with the IPSS to gauge different quality-of-life and disease issues resulting from the condition.
Conventional Treatments for BPH:
Conventional treatments for BPH are dependant upon a number of factors, namely, urine flow, prostate inflammation, prostate size, and PSA levels.I n addition, the IPSS is used by numerous physicians as a means to determine condition severity and individual treatment options.
Men over the age of 50 are more likely to need treatment for symptom management.
That being said, mild prostate enlargement is often treated with "watchful waiting". "Watchful waiting" involves lifestyle changes and annual examinations after an initial examination has shown that there are no other underlying prostate disorders.
Moderate symptom management usually encompasses the use of prescription medications to ease the discomfort of the enlarged prostate. There are two common types of medication used: alpha-blockers and anti-androgens (e.g finasteride). Most men are administered alpha-blockers.
It is estimated that 40% of men suffering from what they deem as moderate symptoms will seek prescription drug treatments.
Patients with scores indicated the severest of symptoms almost always seek treatment. Again, prescription medications are the primary choice. However, nearly a quarter of all men who present severe symptoms opt, or need, surgery. There are many choices with surgical procedures to ease prostate discomfort.
The standard procedure (90% of cases), however, remains a transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). During this procedure, the surgeon uses a resectoscope to remove any obstructing tissue.
The pieces of tissue are carried by fluid to the bladder where it is then flushed out at the end of the 90 minute operation.
Avistate - Helps Decrease Symptoms of Painful & Frequent Urination
Despite the advances is conventional prostate treatments, four out of ten men require invasive surgical procedures for symptom relief. Additionally, the recovery time for these procedures is months.
Many men also have resounding effects in areas of sexual functioning and pleasure during intercourse.
Finally, what many patients fail to realize, is that BPH surgeries leave much of the prostate intact; therefore BPH can still be possible in patients even though surgery and the healing process has been completed.
Avistate is a natural prostate support formula that has been designed to support current prostate health and lessen the many discomforting symptoms associated with prostate enlargement. Research has shown that diet plays an integral role in the maintenance and promotion of prostate health.
In fact, nutritional supplementation with amino acids and saw palmetto has been shown to diminish the harmful effects of 5-alpha-reductase on the prostate. Avistate not only contains saw palmetto, but other key nutrients that have been clinically proven to promote prostate function and lessen the severity of BPH.
Avistate's unique, synergistic prostate formula includes:
- Serenoa repens (Saw Palmetto): Saw palmetto is an effective treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Several clinical studies have shown significant improvement in lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) like frequent urination, painful urination, hesitancy, urgency, and perineal heaviness. It also decreases nocturia, improves peak and mean urinary flow, and lowers residual urine volume in patients with BPH.
- Pygeum africanum (Pygeum bark): A review of current studies on pygeum for BPH suggests that this botanical medicine is also an effective and safe treatment, improving both urological symptoms and measurements of flow.
- Urtica dioica (Nettle root): Urtica is another safe and effective herbal treatment for BPH. It may work through an antiproliferative effect on prostatic cells and may also lessen the effects of androgenic hormones by competitively blocking access to human sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG).
- Isoflavones (soy extract): Epidemiological studies show that diets higher in soy products are associated with reduced risk and progression of prostate cancer and prostatitis, or inflammation of the prostate gland. The isoflavone, genistien, appears to be involved in the pathogenesis of BPH and prostate cancer.
- Lycopene: Lycopene is beneficial for both prevention and treatment of prostate cancer. Men who consume 6 mg per day or more of lycopene from foods such as tomatoes and tomato products seem to have a significantly reduced risk of developing prostate cancer.
- Selenium: Serum levels of selenium appear to be lower in patients with conditions of the prostate.