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Thyroid Medications

There are plenty of medications for thyroid disorders. Find out what they are and how they work by reading through the list of treatments here.
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Each one of us has a thyroid gland, which is located at the front most portion of the neck just below the cartilage of the thyroid or the Adam’s apple.

The thyroid gland produces thyroid hormones which function as regulators of the body’s metabolism. In addition to that, the thyroid hormones also function as regulators for energy consumption, maturation and growth of the tissues of the body. 

Diseases which cause imbalance of the thyroid hormones are classified as either hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. When a person is diagnosed with hypothyroidism, it means that the person has low production of thyroid hormones. Hyperthyroidism, on the other hand, deals with the over production of the thyroid hormones. When either of the diseases is detected in a person, he or she will be prescribed with medication in order to maintain balance in the thyroid hormone levels in the body.

Hypothyroidism Medications

Under the medication for the treatment of hypothyroidism are as follows:

1) Levothyroxine

Otherwise known as T4 or L thyroxine (Synthroid), Levothyroxine is a synthetic drug that replaces the natural T4 hormones of the body. It is a medication that is given when the person has low production of the thyroid hormone. Synthroid, Levoxyl and Unithroid are examples of this drug. 

2) Desiccated Thyroid

It is another hormone replacement drug which is used for individuals who are diagnosed with hypothyroidism and myxedema. Desiccated thyroid hormones are taken from the thyroid glands of animals – usually beef or porcine. The thyroid glands are dried up, ground for therapeutic use. Armour Thyroid is a type of desiccated thyroid.

3) Liothyronine

Liothyronine is a replacement medication for the T3 hormone. It usually comes in oral drug form and is prescribed for people who have hypothyroidism. Some brands of Liothyronine are Cytomel and Thyrostat.

4) Liotrix

It is a medication that combines both Levothyroxine and Liothyronine and works by supplementing the lack of both hormones in the body. Thyrolar is an example of this drug.

Hyperthyroidism Medications

Meanwhile, those who are diagnosed with hyperthyroidism are prescribed with the following medications:

5) Thioamides

The common thioamides are PTU or Propylthiouracil, Carbimazole and Methimazole.  It is an antithyroid medication that is used to treat hyperthyroidism which may be used prior to surgery or radiotherapy or preparative therapy. Also, it is also being used for persons who have Graves’ disease.

6) Iodine solutions

Iodine solutions include radioactive iodine, SKKI, and lugol’s solution. When using radioactive iodine, you should use a straw to drink the solution in order to prevent the liquid from staining your teeth. Iodine solutions in general are antiseptic combinations that also kill bacteria.

Natural Or Alternative Thyroid Medications

Aside from the pharmacological medication, the patient can also choose to opt for natural or alternative thyroid medications. One example of which is Thyax.

Things To Keep In Mind

When you are prescribed with any of the mentioned drugs, you must remember some points such as:

  • Following the exact dosage prescribed by your doctor
  • Taking the medication while your stomach is empty
  • Never taking antacids prior to thyroid hormone medication
  • Spacing out other medications from your thyroid medication so as not to interfere with the drug action
  • Regular checking of expiration date

Following these simple tips will help you in maintaining the balance of your thyroid hormones and will prevent the symptoms and ill effects of the condition.

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